May 2021 Newsletter: Runway to Summer
As we emerge from Easter vacation and look forward to the summer, I am reminded of the saying from the great poet Robert Burns: “The best laid plans of mice and men often go awry.”
Back in January, we forecast a series of rolling lockdowns to continue into May, followed by a relatively quiet summer season where growth could resume. The infection rates of the new coronavirus strains, however, means that even with a vaccine, we may be facing further lockdowns this summer and in the future.
You may have seen the Bloomberg article on May 5th about the new Seychelles lockdown:
Seychelles, which has fully vaccinated more of its population against Covid-19 than any other country, has closed schools and canceled sporting activities for two weeks as infections surge. The measures, which include bans on the intermingling of households and the earlyclosureof bars, come even as the country has fully vaccinated more than 60% of its adult population with two doses of coronavirus vaccines.
Please do not underestimate this virus. As frustrating as the situation may be, keep diligent and keep protecting yourself.
After a very long interval, the first Russian tourists started arriving in Cyprus—just in time for the second lockdown. Both Greece and Cyprus have moved faster than the European Commission in terms of announcing the entry to tourists this summer, including accepting tourists from the United States.
Our forecast is that if things go well, we will receive approximately 1.6 million tourists in Cyprus this year, or about 40% of 2019 arrivals. Our forecast is helped by the current ban on Russian flights to Turkey (until June 1st), but is affected by the continuing block on outbound UK tourism and continuing issues with tourism product quality and pricing in Cyprus.
Banking System Recovery
The Cypriot banking system is gradually recovering. According to the Cyprus Central Bank’s Aggregate Banking Data (8 April 2021), total deposits in the Cyprus banking system amounted to € 52.8 billion, of which deposits by households amounted to € 29.02 billion. Total loans to households amounted to an amortised value of € 10.4 billion, while total financial loans amounted to € 37.4 billion (amortised value). This data reflects the delays in various payments that have been implemented during the lockdown period (boosting household deposits), as well as write-downs in loan value.
Cyprus Public Debt reaches € 24.8 billion
Total government debt reached € 24.8 billion as of 31 December 2020. Please note that this concerns only general government debt, without Central Bank obligations. GDP at market prices is estimated at € 20.84 bln in 2020. So we are at 119% debt-to-GDP based on latest estimates.
The growing public debt in Greece, Italy, Cyprus, the United States and other countries will become an issue in 2022 and onwards. Three political events will take place over the next 18 months that will affect our ability to deal with any new debt crisis:
Angela Merkel is retiring and will be replaced with a politically weaker candidate (Armin Laschet) in a Germany that is now significantly fragmented politically and, judging by the share of AfD voters, significantly more hostile to European bail-outs.
Emmanuel Macron faces re-election in April 2022 in France and has a real chance of being defeated.
There is a significant probability of a Republican takeover of both houses of Congress in the November 2022 elections in the United States.
As difficult as the 2010-2012 European debt crisis was, European political cooperation prevailed and a jerry-rigged, sub-optimal system for managing public debt refinancing was implemented.
In 2022 and onwards, I see few signs that such cooperation will prevail. The only artefact keeping our collective public finance afloat is central bank operations, including seemingly unlimited quantitative easing and a zero interest rate policy.
But with European Central Bank liabilities now at € 7 trillion and US Federal Reserve liabilities at over $ 8 trillion, how long can this continue?
As always, please remain vigilant. Although conditions are improving, we are still far from being safe. If I or my colleagues can assist you in any way, please contact us.
Digital Transformation for SMEs in Cyprus: 9-10 June 2021
On behalf of the Cyprus Chamber of Commerce and Industry, we are organising a training programme on Digital Project Management and Enterprise Transformation in Cyprus, this 2-day training addresses the key challenges faced by small enterprises in adapting to and competing in a digital world. LEARN MORE
News Focus: Greek Public Debt
According to latest data, Greece's GDP fell to € 165 billion in 2020, while its public debt rose to € 374 billion. That is a debt-to-GDP ratio of 227%. This shows the damage the COVID-19 Pandemic has done, and sets the stage for the next crisis. Greek Public Debt rises to 227% GDP | Complete Article Here
We are proud to have advised on the sale of The Yellow House, a historic building in the centre of Limassol that will be converted into a cultural, art and business centre. Read More